Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid CBD: What you need to know

by | Jun 4, 2020 | Strains | 0 comments

The words Indica and Sativa come from the scientific names of two types of cannabis plants. Originally, they were separated because of the way the plants look and grow and where they grow. Now, people commonly use the names Indica and Sativa to discuss how cannabis makes a person feel. Through experimentation, people concluded that certain sensations occur from Indicas and Sativas respectively. Indicas help relax the mind and body by creating a comfortable state in which one can easily drift off to sleep. Sativas awaken the mind to focus energy for creativity and production. Sativa in the morning and Indica at night is a simple way to look at it. Hybrids are a bit of both and are perfect for unwinding at the end of the day without zonking out on the couch.


The popularity and effectiveness of Cannabis as a medicine is not a new thing. However, a lot more research has been undertaken in the past 50 years than at any other time in human history. Cannabis farmers and scientists have worked together to create low THC/high CBD varieties so that people can enjoy the medicinal benefits of cannabis without getting ‘stoned’. Both THC and CBD are compounds called cannabinoids. Both THC and CBD are odorless and tasteless. The high CBD varieties of cannabis are just as diverse as the high THC varieties. What really separates one type of plant from the next in smell and taste are compounds called terpenes.

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are found in almost every plant on the planet. Cannabis has many different terpenes all bundled together in various combinations. Terpenes are taken from plants to make perfumes, spices, and medicines. For example, the terpene that makes pepper smell like pepper is also found in cannabis. That terpene is called Caryophyllene (car·​y·​o·​phyl·​lene). The smell is unmistakable and because of previous studies performed on Black Pepper as an anti-inflammatory, we know that this terpene can help fight inflammation and reduce pain. Terpene analysis is essential when comparing one strain to the next.

Here at Alpine Dispensary, our Cannabis Certified Budtenders ask questions to find out what types of effects you are looking for. Recommendations for strains are based on your answers. For example, an individual comes in that can’t get to sleep at night because of muscle spasms and inflammation from an old injury. The Budtender, might recommend the strain Magic Bullet. Magic Bullet is an indica. The two highest terpenes by percentage are caryophyllene and myrcene. Myrcene, a sweet and sour smelling terpene found in mangoes and hops, is a known sedative.

If the same person came in complaining about mild back pain, depression, and moodiness; the Budtender might suggest a hybrid strain instead of the indica to avoid sleepiness. With caryophyllene as the dominant terpene and limonene as the secondary terpene instead of myrcene, the strain will feel completely different. Limonene, an anti-depressant mood booster found in citrus fruits, creates a lift that provides the energy and focus necessary to take care of business without getting back into full blown work mode at the end of the day. By trying out different strains you can find out which one works best for what situation. The key is not to get discouraged by the abundance of choices. You may find that it takes more than one strain to address your issues relative to the time of day or environment.

Need help choosing a strain? Our expert budtenders can help

Maintain trust in our Budtenders as they perform the art of deciphering the complex world of Cannabis science. Environmental factors and the way each strain effects an individuals biochemistry will always vary. The feeling you get from the same bag of Cannabis at the park or in the forest might be completely different than if you consume it before going out on the town. If you are just now trying cannabis for the first time, it is equally important to pay attention to how you feel before use, where you are, and how you feel after. Describing your sensations to the Budtender on a follow up visit can determine what strain they will recommend next. Most people end up with a handful of different strains that they enjoy at different times and places.

Simply classifying Cannabis strains by the nouns Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid is not enough to pin point exactly how a strain will make an individual feel, but it is a good place to start. One can achieve a deeper understanding of what effects a strain will have by looking at the Cannabinoid percentages and terpene profiles in addition to the broad classifications of Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid. Like our ancestors that first used Cannabis to make their lives better, we must experiment and explore to find what works best for each of us individually. The Budtenders at Alpine Dispensary take great pride in sharing their knowledge and look forward to assisting you at either of our retail locations, by phone, or at Our primary objective is to help you achieve the peace and well-being that you deserve.

J. C. Dyer, Mojo Coordinator at Alpine Dispensary

Article Written By:

J.C. Dyer

Mojo Coordinator

"Early in my working life, I joked with some people that one day I would make Mojo Coordinator an officially recognized job title. What does a Mojo Coordinator do? I stealthily and silently use my vision, intuition, diverse skillset and enhanced sensory perception to observe and facilitate seamless workflow, communication, productivity, efficiency and camaraderie."

Recommended Strains:

Magic Bullet - Indica


Magic Bullet is organically grown just across the South Carolina border. A cross of Wife and Otto II, make it a strong Indica with high levels of Caryophyllene. Magic Bullet targets your pain and hits the bullseye as your choice for a restful night’s sleep.

Beanz - Hybrid


Beanz, a proprietary cultivar from Dr. Allison Justice, is a cross of AC/DC and Baox OG. Grown locally in South Carolina, Beanz is fruity and sweet with high levels of Myrcene.

Sunset Road Sherbert - Sativa


The distinguishable flavor of a creamy orange sherbet push up pop with a shot of gin awaits your taste buds. This strain boosts energy and creates an overall sense of well being.


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